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Discrimination and Racism
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Friendship and Civic Participation
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Hardworking and Responsibility
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Courage and Reconciliation


The struggle of more than 100 years for Chinese Canadians in Canada is quite a journey. Although the Chinese Head Tax is a history now, what do we learn from his piece of history for our lives?

In fact, the difficulties our Chinese-Canadian ancestors encountered before are not unique. You may still find some similar experiences in today's society, especially when someone is a newcomer from another country.

in each person's life, we face challenges. If you are people of colour, you have a higher chance to face bully and discrimination. Sometimes when you feel down and no one cares about you, what are your choices? To abandon yourself or to engage yourself in positive and constructive ways to confront the challenges and make the situation better. What can you do when you feel you're seemingly the only one?

We hope that by walking you through in this piece of Chinese-Canadian history, you can be inspired by these Chinese-Canadian ancestors to understand that with perseverance and collective actions, injustice can be changed. No need to be afraid and never give up even though in hard time.

    • 1 Pigsty
      2 Boycotting Chinese businesses
      3 No White Waitresses
      4 Chinese exclusion act
      5 1907 Riot in China Town
      6 Salaries and Work

    • 1 Story of Chang Toy, BC
      2 Soccer team
      3 Marriage
      4 Georgae Ho Lem-Alberta
      5 Charlie Foo, Manitoba
      6 Electorial Participation

    • Pick a province and choose a story to read - e.g. Manitoba - Charlie Foo, British Columbia - Chang Toy, Alberta - George Ho Lem

    • Railway building--Salaries and Work

    • 1 Humiliation Day(video)
      2 Wong Fu Shing Case(Video)
      3 Chinese Strike

    • Chinese has a saying that you use power to fight, but use wisdom to win. There are many ways to achieve reconciliation: protest, strike, and roundtable discussions etc. The power used by Chinese Canadians to overcome discrimination and bring about changes in policy was by organizing themselves to negotiate and lobby the government and they succeeded.

    • James Wing-Montreal(picture)

    • PM's Apology

    • We congratulate you that you have completed the Lessons and Learn section. You demonstrate motivation and interest. I hope this journey in learning the Chinese Head Tax can bring you HOPE and ACTION to overcome social injustice and YOU ARE NOT ALONE!